Thibaw, King

   (r. 1878-1885)
   Last monarch of the Konbaung Dynasty, he was chosen by court factions to succeed his father, Mindon (r. 1853-1878), because the 19-year-old youth was considered pliable. He soon fell under the influence of his secondary queen, Supayalat, who, with the aid of a powerful minister, the Taingda Mingyi, arranged a massacre of royal relatives in early 1879 that made the king, probably undeservedly, notorious. This was done to eliminate rivals for the throne, a time-honored practice. A weak ruler who never took advantage of his royal prerogative (multiple wives), he feared plots by surviving royal princes and never left Mandalay Palace. Although some historical details are unclear, his ministers apparently sought an alliance with France, including provision of arms, to counteract British influence, thinking that Britain's involvement in Afghanistan (where the British resident had been assassinated in 1879) would prevent them from taking a strong hand in Upper Burma. But British economic and imperial interests in India and Lower Burma converged to create a climate for war, which began on November 14, 1885, following Thibaw's refusal of an ultimatum that demanded British control over Burmese foreign policy. When Mandalay was captured on November 28, Thibaw and Supayalat were exiled to Ratnagiri, India, where the king died in 1916. The sad spectacle of the royal couple being brought in a lowly bullock cart to a steamer on the banks of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River, while thousands of their subjects mourned their banishment, marked a decisive end to Burma's old order.
   See also Anglo-Burmese War, Third.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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  • Thibaw — ▪ king of Myanmar also spelled  Theebaw   born 1858, Mandalay, Burma died Dec. 19, 1916, Ratnagiri Fort, India       last king of Burma, whose short reign (1878–85) ended with the occupation of Upper Burma by the British.       Thibaw was a… …   Universalium

  • Thibaw Min — Thibaw Min, Supayalat et Supayagyi, avant 1885 Thibaw Min (birman သီပေါမင်း ; né Maung Pu le 1er janvier 1859 – 19 décembre 1916 ; ou simplement Thibaw, Theebaw, ou Theobaw (Thibau dans Une …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thibaw — may refer to: * Thibaw Min, the last king of Burma, Konbaung Dynasty * Thibaw (Shan State), Myanmar (Burma) …   Wikipedia

  • Thibaw Min — Infobox Monarch name =Thibaw Min title =King of Burma caption =King Thibaw Min of Upper Burma circa 1880 reign =October 1, 1878 – November 29, 1885 coronation = othertitles = full name = predecessor =Mindon Min successor =End of dynasty suc type …   Wikipedia

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  • Mindon, King —    (r. 1853 1878)    Tenth and penultimate monarch of the Konbaung Dynasty, he seized the throne after his half brother, Pagan Min (r. 1846 1853), suffered the loss of Lower Burma in the Second Anglo Burmese War. Like his contemporary, King… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

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  • Supayalat — (13 December 1859 24 November 1925) was the last queen of Burma who reigned in Mandalay (1878 1885), born to King Mindon Min and Queen of Alenandaw (literally Middle Palace, also known as Hsinbyumashin or Lady of the White Elephant).cite… …   Wikipedia

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